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Causes & Symptoms of Gas & Bloating

Sometimes gas can go undetected or seem trivial but for many, it’s a persistent concern. But what causes a lot of gas? And what do the symptoms of bloating and gas look like? Learn more so you can get back to feeling like yourself.

young brunette woman with black plastic glasses holding a chocolate donut and a glass of orange juice

What Are the Common Causes of Bloating and Gas?

Food

Understanding what foods cause gas and bloating is a big step toward easing your discomfort. Complex carbohydrates like sugars, starches, and fatty foods are not easily digestible for many people. Foods high in indigestible fiber and complex carbohydrates – like beans, broccoli, and cauliflower – are difficult to fully break down. And fruits like bananas and apples can generate a fair amount of gas, as they’re high in sugar. However, it’s important to eat a balanced diet of fruits and veggies. Your body will often adjust to these foods after a period of time.1

Keep an eye on how your body responds to the list of foods that cause gas and bloating:

beans

Beans

broccoli

Broccoli & cauliflower

strawberry

Fruits

cheese

Dairy

donut

Sugar

burger

Starches

Too Much Air

Swallowing too much air is the #2 cause of gas and bloating. This stems from things like eating too quickly, chewing gum, smoking, sucking on hard candy, or drinking through straws.

Limit these activities to reduce air intake:

clock

Eating too quickly

gum

Chewing gum

smoking

Smoking

soda

Drinking through straws

Medical Conditions

Causes of gas and bloating can be caused by some medical conditions, such as lactose intolerance or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). They can also be a side effect of certain medications. Talk to your doctor to rule out any underlying medical issues.2

These common medical conditions can increase pressure and cramping:

lactose

Lactose intolerance

intestine

IBS

Common Symptoms

The most common symptoms are pretty easy to spot:

1

Voluntary or involuntary passing of gas.

Unintentional gas release can be very inconvenient, awkward, or even embarrassing. It’s a distressing event that causes anxiety in sufferers. This stress can induce more gas from excessive breathing.

2

Abdominal pressure and cramping.

If there’s too much gas stuck in your stomach or intestines, you may often feel stabbing pains.

3

Bloating from too much gas.

Too much gas stuck in your stomach or intestines can result in feeling 'full' from bloating. Your stomach may feel swollen or tight.

It’s important to be aware of the severity of your symptoms. Gas can be intensely uncomfortable and can easily be confused for other, more serious conditions.2 If these symptoms persist, please consult your doctor.

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